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Stop the Expansion

Few Canadians are aware how fast the tar sands have grown. In its obsession with rapid expansion, the Alberta government has approved more than 100 tar sands projects covering 92,000 square kilometres of northern boreal forest, with another 100 projects covering an additional 50,000 square kilometres proposed or under review. Current industry plans will expand production more than 3X from current levels, all but guaranteeing the destruction of the earth's climate.

However, the indefinite delay of Total's Josyln North tar sands mine is a clear indication that industry’s growth forecasts are not accurate and a sign that the continued expansion of the tar sands is anything but inevitable. Tar sands are high cost, high risk, and high carbon. Josyln North’s mothballing is the latest in a developing trend that doesn't bode well for the industry's future. The economics of the tar sands are marginal today, and nd in a carbon constrained world, they become increasingly unviable.

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- The tar sands are the largest industrial project on Earth, and it's growing fast
Key Problems:
- Industry plans to triple productionby 2030
- Dramatic negative impacts are being ignored  
- There are literally no limits on continued expansion
Current Status:
- Current planned expansion is in line with global demand scenarios for a 6 degree global temperature rise.
- Cancellation of Total's Joclyn North tar sands mine indicates expansion is not inevitable. 

Today, tar sands development produces 1.9 million barrels of tar sands oil per day (BPD), up from 300,000 BPD in 1999. But the oil industry is just getting started. The rapid approval and construction of tar sands projects will more than triple output over the next 17 years. Industry estimates indicate production capacity will explode to more than five million BPD by 2030. The tar sands industry already has announced plans to increase production to nine million barrels per day.

There is literally no limit to the amount of tar sands development the Alberta and Canadian governments are willing to allow – despite the serious social, economic and environmental problems this growth will unleash on the world.

Most of the oil produced today is from giant, open-pit mines. Bitumen is torn from the ground and upgraded in enormous factories. This process destroys immense amounts of forest and wildlife habitat, creates toxic tailings ponds the size of lakes, and pollutes the region's rivers and streams with dangerous chemicals. The future of tar sands development relies on an a different process, called in situ (Latin for "in place") extraction. Here, steam and chemicals are injected deep underground, where the bitumen melts and is pumped to the surface. In situ extraction uses tremendous amounts of water, and because it requires turning water into steam, it uses an enormous amount of energy, which means it creates an enormous amount of climate-warming greenhouse gases.

The size and scale of Alberta's tar sands experiment is gargantuan. Together, more than 100 mining and in situ operations are dewatering the Athabasca River, poisoning streams and rivers, warming the climate, and driving caribou to extinction. It is also consuming the traditional lands of the region's First Nations people and preventing them from exercising their constitutionally protected right to hunt and fish in a region that is being turned into an industrial moonscape.

For whose benefit? Oil companies, most of which are foreign owned. This means that Canadians aren’t getting their fair share of the benefits of tar sands development, and yet they bear most of the risks.

It is the oil industry that is driving the massive expansion of the tar sands, and that expansion, in turn, is driving the construction of new and repurposed pipelines all over North America – through British Columbia to its pristine West Coast, through Central Canada and New England to the Atlantic Ocean, and through the Midwest, the breadbasket of America, to the Gulf of Mexico. As devastating spills in Michigan and Arkansas have proved, these pipelines inevitably will spill their toxic cargo along the way, poisoning waterways, polluting communities, and undermining livelihoods for thousands of people.

Perhaps the worst consequence of massive investment in tar sands expansion and the web of pipelines necessary to carry its dirty oil to market is that it locks us into relying on dirty oil for another century. This can only lead to the most catastrophic impacts of a climate warmed beyond recognition. The resulting six degree Celsius increase in global temperature will wreak havoc on the environmental, social and political stability that modern civilization requires to function.

The intractable problems and extraordinary risks of a tar sands world are just too great. Tar sands expansion must be stopped and, eventually, phased out altogether. Recent announcments, and the growing opposition to tar sands pipelines, indicates we're moving in the right direction (albeit slowly).

Stop the Expansion Updates & Resources

Oil sands megaproject era wanes as Suncor scales back

Rebecca Penty and Jeremy Van Loon | Bloomberg Business - June 18th 2015

Press Clipping: The era of the megaproject in Canada’s oil sands is fading. Crude’s price slump, pressure to get off fossil fuels and tax increases in Alberta are adding to high costs and a lack of pipelines, prompting producers from Suncor Energy Inc. to Imperial Oil Ltd. to accelerate a shift to smaller projects. “I don’t see the next mine being built quickly,” said Steve Williams, Suncor’s chief executive officer.

Jane Fonda takes on ‘big oil’ in Vancouver: ‘Arrest me, I don’t care’


June 16th 2015

Press Clipping: Actress and activist Jane Fonda is adding her star power to the anti-oilsands pipeline movement in B.C. The star of Netflix comedy series Grace and Frankie is in Vancouver for Greenpeace's Toast the Coast event on Saturday, celebrating Canada's coastline and raising awareness of the environmental issues surrounding oil drilling and pipelines. She spoke to The Early Edition host Rick Cluff about why she's fighting the oilsands, the legacy she wants to leave her grandchildren and how older actors may finally be winning out in Hollywood.

Leave tar sands oil in ground: 110 scientists invoke First Nation treaty rights


ICTMN Staff | Indian Country Today Media Network - June 16th 2015

Press Clipping: As news about the climate heats up, a rare alliance of more than 100 scientists—from economists to biologists to geophysicists—have written an open letter to the Conservative government of Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper asking him to stop development in the Alberta oil sands. Among the 10 reasons they gave in an open letter released on June 10 was number six: "Development and transport of oil sands is inconsistent with the title and rights of many Aboriginal Peoples of North America."

Why more scientists are speaking out on contentious issues


Lindsey Konkel | National Geographic - June 12th 2015

Press Clipping: The declaration by a diverse group of ecologists, economists, climate researchers, and other academics calling for a moratorium on tar sands development is the most recent example of a tidal shift at universities across North America. Many North American scientists are increasingly leveraging their knowledge to speak out in environmental debates, particularly climate change. Says ecologist Ken Lertzman, “The idea of using science to make a difference in the world is becoming pretty pervasive and accepted."

The Dirt :: The Tar Sands Moratorium Edition

Editors | The Dirt - June 12th 2015

Blog Post: In this issue of The Dirt, more than 100 of North America’s leading scientists band together to call for a moratorium on tar sands development, thousands take to the streets in the Midwest Heartland to protest the growing network of tar sands pipelines, and the growing acceptance of a carbon tax will make continued tar sands development increasingly challenging.

Alberta’s oil sands take a hit as scientists, academics call for halt to development

Shawn McCarthy | Globe and Mail - June 11th 2015

Press Clipping: Decisions on oil sands development “add up to a social and environmental legacy that will last for generations,” Simon Fraser University ecologist Wendy Palen said on a conference call Wednesday. Ms. Palen said the group pulled together scientific research on oil sands development from their various fields and reached a consensus: “We offer a unified voice, calling for a moratorium on new oil sands projects.”

More than 100 leading scientists call for a moratorium on new oil sands development


Editors | Tar Sands Solutions - June 11th 2015

Blog Post: Today more than 100 prominent scientists from across North America, including climate scientists, economists, geophysicists, and biologists, released a consensus statement entitled “Ten Reasons for a Moratorium” that shows why Canada and the United States should postpone new oil sands development. “It’s rare that scientists speak collectively about controversial topics,” said Simon Fraser University ecologist Wendy Palen. “Once we began comparing notes, we recognized the need to speak publicly, now, with a unified voice.”